Burslem

Burslem is one of the six towns that amalgamated to form the City of Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire. Burslem is recorded in the Domesday survey as 'wasteland'. But it is located on natural deposits of ironstone, clay, and coal - the essential raw materials for making pottery. By the end of the 17th century, Burslem was the country's leading supplier of pottery. Thus the town became known as the "Mother Town of the Potteries".

In 1710 there were 35 potbanks in Burslem, and it was very much a town, compared with Hanley and Stoke which were still villages. Leading potters began building houses and potbanks which reflected their prestige. Most notable was the Big House, built by the brothers Thomas and John Wedgwood in 1751 on the corner of Wedgwood Street and Chapel Bank. Most spectacular was the Fountain Place Works built for Enoch Wood in 1789, a gothic extravaganza between Hall Street and Packhorse Lane. During the 19th century, Burslem continued to grow as more potbanks were built.

SOME BOTTLE OVENS STILL HERE

Burgess and Leigh, Middleport Pottery

Middleport, Burslem
Middleport Pottery, home of Burgess and Leigh, bottle ovens
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection Date: December 2015

Furlong Mills, Furlong Lane

Middleport, Burslem
Furlong Mills, Furlong Lane,
Photo: Courtesy 'Potteries Bottle Kilns' Facebook Page   Date: 2015

Acme Marls, Bournes Bank. Three bottle ovens. Originally built about 1900, though present structures are 1937-47. Brick. Freestanding circular hovels to downdraught ovens, the hovels tapering evenly to moulded caps. Grade II Listed. Date first listed: 20-Aug-1979. J & J Dyson PLC of Sheffield, acquired the entire issued share capital of Acme Marls Limited, a privately owned kiln furniture manufacturing company, for a total consideration of £1.89 million in July 2000. In 2018 the entire site was purchased and planning permission was sought to build housing and community facilities.

Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
Photo: unknown source   Date: unknown
These stack type Wilkinson downdraught bottle ovens were numbered 6, 7 and 8.
Patented by A J Wilkinson. British Patent 4356, 20 March 1890.
They were oil fired, and last fired in July/August 1976 more here>

Operation Bottle, Bottle Oven Survey  Date:1975
Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
Photo: Operation Bottle, Bottle Oven Survey, Terry Woolliscroft Collection
  Date:1975

Burslem
Acme Marls,  Bournes Bank
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: December 2015

Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: July 1976


Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
Photos: Courtesy of Andy Shardlow  Date: June 2016

Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
Photos: Courtesy of Andy Shardlow  Date: June 2016


Price & Kensington, Newcastle Street, Longport 


Price & Kensington Factory - Newcastle Street, Longport 1975
Longport, Burslem
Price & Kensington Factory - Newcastle Street, Longport
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: 1975

Longport, Burslem
Price & Kensington Factory - Newcastle Street, Longport
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: Sept 2018

Oliver's Mill, Newport Lane The site encompasses a range of buildings including the original mill, three bottle kilns and stores. The kilns were adopted on a 99 year lease by The Staffordshire Pottery Industry Preservation Trust and are classed as Listed. The site is located at the end of Newport Lane in Middleport, approximately 1.5 miles west of Burslem town centre. The site lies adjacent to Canal Court, a development of waterside apartments. on the banks of the Trent & Mersey canal. The kilns were used for firing flint, prior to grinding and milling, which was added to the clay recipe to give better whiteness and strength. The ovens were built By Oliver & Sons in 1909 and last used around 1964.

Middleport Burslem
Oliver's Mill, Newport Lane
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

Middleport, Burslem
Oliver's Mill, Newport Lane
Photo: courtesy Google

Milvale Street 

Middleport, Burslem
Calcining kilns, Milvale Street
Photo: courtesy Google 


BOTTLE OVENS LONG SINCE GONE

A View of The Potteries at Burslem
Postcard Source: unknown

Burslem
Alcock Lindley and Bloore, Ascot Pottery, on the corner of Overhouse Street and Scotia Road
Established in 1919. Aquired by Allied English Pottery Group in 1959
Mainly produced teapots
Photo: source unknown    Date: 1950


Burslem
Crown Works, Steventon Place
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft   Date: Operation Bottle, February 1976 more here>

Burslem
Crown Works, Steventon Place.  The plan didn't come to fruition and the oven disappeared
Article: courtesy The Evening Sentinel  Date: 1980 

Burslem
Pack Horse Lane.  The old road to Newcastle-under-Lyme.
Photo: unknown source  Date: Unknown



Bottle ovens, 'stack' type, at the Dalehall Works, Nr. Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent.
Dalehall, Burslem
Bottle ovens, 'stack' type, at the Dalehall Works, Nr. Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent.
Photo: Courtesy Staffordshire Past Track here>
These are Bottle Ovens of the 'stack type' more here>

Burslem
Wade Heath, The Sytch, back view
Photo: source unknown  Date: unknown


Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
The oven on the left has now gone but the three ovens on the right
remain and were still in use in 1976 fired with oil
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: May 1975

Burslem
Acme Marls, Bournes Bank with St John's Churchyard
Photo: source unknown Date: around 1960

Cobridge, Burslem
Moorcroft, Sandbach Road, Cobridge
The two ovens on the left have gone.  The oven on the right still stands
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection Date: May 1975

Cobridge, Burslem
A G Richardson, Britannia Works, North Road
Photo: source unknown  Date: 1960?

Cobridge, Burslem
Globe Pottery with Little Sisters of the Poor behind. Far distance is Shelton Bar (now Festival Park)
Photo: source unknown. Date: unknown



Burslem
Towards Burslem from Middleport
Photo: source unknown Date: unknown

Bottle Ovens Burslem Top of Scotia Rd unknown date
Burslem
At the top of Scotia Road
Photo: source unknown  Date: unknown

Burslem
Location unknown
Photo: source unknown Date: 1930s

Middleport, Burslem
Middleport -  Burleigh Factory - Smoke from oven firing
Photo: source unknown  Date: unknown
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