What's left?

NUMBER OF OVENS/KILNS REMAINING
47  bottle-shaped structures complete with their bottle-shaped chimney
  3  ovens/kilns which have collapsed - no bottle shaped chimney remains 

NUMBER OF LOCATIONS
27  locations

SUMMARY by LOCATION
Number of bottle shaped structures which remain standing complete with their chimneys, by Potteries town.
  0   Tunstall
12   Burslem 
  8   Hanley
  3   Stoke
  4   Fenton
20   Longton
47   TOTAL     

SUMMARY by TYPE
Number of bottle shaped structures which remain standing complete with their chimneys, by overall type. Subject to change.
24   Updraught bottle ovens
  3   Downdraught bottle ovens
  2   Decorators muffle bottle kilns
15   Calcining bottle kilns
  3   Hovel only
47   TOTAL

Some ovens are complete with their hovels, chimneys and firing chambers and have been carefully and expensively restored. Some have lost their firing chambers and only their hovels and chimneys remain. Others have collapsed causing their hovels and parts of their firing chambers to fall into rubble.

No two bottle ovens or kilns are alike. They can be tall and fat, or short and thin. Some are rectangular, and some are circular. Some were potter's ovens and some were used by potters' material suppliers.

All are 'Listed Buildings'. A Listed Building is a building, object or structure that has been judged to be of national importance in terms of architectural or historic interest and included on a special register, called the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest.

30 bottle ovens, specifically built for the firing of biscuit or glost pottery, remain standing (updated August 2019) complete with their chimneys.

The rest, are bottle kilns either used in the supply industry, for the calcining of flint and bone, or for firing decoration onto pottery, and these are known as enamel kilns.

12 of the 47 remaining bottle-shaped structures still standing are owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council. That's 25%.

No beehive kilns, for the firing of bricks or tiles, remain in Stoke-on-Trent. Strictly speaking they were not bottle kilns, since they had no bottle shaped chimney, but they were part of the Potteries landscape.

Location map of remaining bottle ovens and kilns in the Potteries

Google Map courtesy of  https://staffordshirepotteries.wordpress.com/bottle-ovens/




TUNSTALL - 0

No bottle ovens or kilns remain in Tunstall. The last were demolished in the 1980s.


BURSLEM - 12 still standing in 8 locations

Twelve bottle-shaped structures remain standing with their chimneys in the Burslem area.


3 x Potter's downdraught ovens @ Bournes Bank, Burslem.
Formerly Acme Marls Ltd.
Photo: unknown source

Another shot of the downdraught ovens at Bournes Bank, Burslem.
Formerly Acme Marls Ltd.
Photo: Courtesy of Philip Shallcross Collection  Date: Feb 2019


2 x Flint calcining kilns @ Furlong Lane, Burslem.
Furlong Mills Ltd.
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Decorator's muffle kiln @ Moorland Road, Burslem.
4 firing chambers, two u[, two down, 8 firemouths
Moorland Pottery.
Photo: unknown source

1 x Potter's updraught, skeleton type, biscuit firing oven
6 firemouths
@ Sandbach Road, Cobridge, Burlsem.
Moorcroft Ltd.
https://www.moorcroft.com/
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Potter's updraught oven @ Newcastle Street, Longport, Burslem.
By the canal.
Formerly Price & Kensington (Prices Teapots) Factory
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

 1 x Calcining kiln within large rectangular bottle-shaped structure
 @ Milvale Street, Middleport, Burslem, ST6 3NQ
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

Another shot of the calcining kiln, from the air in Milvale Street,
Middleport, Burslem
This photo clearly shows the divided flue in the large square chimney
which serves 2 calcining chambers
Photo: courtesy Google Earth  Date: 2018

2 x Calcining kilns, 1 having two calcining chambers within 1 bottle-shaped structure
@ Newport Lane, Middleport, Burslem
Oliver's Mill   "Jumbo, Middle and Office"
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

Another shot of the calcining kilns, from the air, at Oliver's Mill
in Newport Lane, Middleport, Burslem
This photo clearly shows the divided flue in the large square chimney
Photo: courtesy Google Earth  Date: 2018


1 x Potter's updraught oven @ Port Street, Middleport, Burslem.
Burgess & Leigh Ltd. Middleport Pottery. Open to the public.
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017


HANLEY - 8 still standing in 7 locations 

Eight bottle-shaped structures complete with their chimneys remain in the Hanley area. But there are the remains of one bottle oven and one muffle kiln at Weatherby's Falcon Pottery in Town Road where only the firing chambers remain. Two of the bottle ovens only have their hovel remaining. Their firing chambers have long since gone. One at the Dudson Centre, Hope street, encloses an excellent museum The other at Smithfield Pottery has become office accommodation.

2 x Calcining kilns @ Eastwood Road, Hanley
Formerly Johnson Brothers Trent Pottery

1 x Potter's hovel only @ Hope Street, Hanley.
The firing chamber, inside, has gone.

1 x Potter's updraught oven @ Lichfield Street, Hanley.
Former Bullers Works, Imperial Court
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Potter's hovel only @ Warner Street, Hanley.
Former Smithfield Pottery
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

2 x Flint calcining kilns @ Shelton New Road, Cliffe Vale, Hanley.
Former Twyfords Sanitaryware Factory
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Remains of a potter's updraught firing chamber only @ J H Weatherby,
Falcon Pottery, Town Road, Hanley
The hovel collapsed in February 2012.

1 x Remains of a decorator's muffle kiln @ J H Weatherby,
Falcon Pottery, Town Road, Hanley
Some parts of the firing chamber remain
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Flint or bone calcining kiln @ Etruria Bone Mill
www.etruriamuseum.org.uk
A single square hovel/chimney encloses two firing chambers.
The chimney is not divided into two, unlike the kilns
in Milvale Street and Newport Lane - see above
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council
Scheduled Monument
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017


STOKE UPON TRENT - 3 still standing in 3 locations

Three bottle-shaped structures, complete with their chimneys, remain standing in Stoke (the town, not the city). In addition, the remnants of the firing chamber exist on the site of the former Spode Pottery Factory. The hovel and firing chamber collapsed in 1972.


1 x Calcining kiln @ Lytton Street, Stoke.
Twin calcining chambers
Former Dolby Pottery
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

2 x Potter's updraught hob-mouthed ovens @ Sturgess Street, Stoke.
Falcon Works. Former Goss Works
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

Another shot of the updraught hob-mouthed ovens in Sturgess Street, Stoke.
Falcon Works. Former Goss Works 
Photo: Courtesy of Philip Shallcross Collection  Date: Feb 2019


1 x Remains of an updraught oven @ Spode Works, Church Street, Stoke
http://www.spodeworks.org/
The hovel and much of the firing chamber collapsed in 1972
Photo source: unknown  Date: unknown

FENTON - 4 still standing in 2 locations

Four bottle-shaped structures, compete with their chimneys, remain in the area of Fenton, the town which the author Arnold Bennett 'forgot'.

1 x Potter's updraught skeleton oven, hovel only,
assumed originally with 11 firemouths
@ Hines Street (Chilton Street) Heron Cross, Fenton.
Heron Cross Pottery
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

Another shot of the Heron Cross Pottery bottle oven
Hines Street (Chilton Street)
Photo: Courtesy of Philip Shallcross Collection  Date: Feb 2019


3 x Calcining kilns @ Fountain Street, Fenton.
James Kent (Ceramic Materials) Ltd. Restored
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017


LONGTON - 20 still standing in 7 locations

Exactly 20 bottle-shaped structures complete with their chimneys remain in Longton, the most southerly town of The Potteries. Longton is home to the world famous and multi-award winning Gladstone Pottery Museum. Of the 20 ovens 12 are in remarkably good condition having been restored and opened to the public. The oven at Hudson and Middleton, Sutherland Works, Normacot Road, is the last bottle oven ever to be fired. more here>

4 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Chelson Street Normacot Road, Longton.
Enson Works. the site is now called CoRE
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

2 x Potter's updraught skeleton ovens @ Commerce Street, Longton
Hovels only. Firing chambers demolished 
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

2 x Potter's updraught skeleton ovens @ King Street, Longton.
One with 10 firemouths, one with 9 firemouths
Albion Works, King Street. Phoenix Works
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017


1 x Potter's updraught skeleton oven
@ Corner of Warren St and Normacot Road, Normacot, Longton.
The Minkstone Pottery
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

2 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Normacot Road, Longton.
Rear of Sutherland Works. Hudson & Middleton
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Potter's updraught skeleton oven @ Normacot Road, Longton
8 firemouths
The oven on the left at Hudson and Middleton, Sutherland Works,
was the last ever to be fired with coal. In August 1978
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

1 x Flint calcining kiln @ 120, Uttoxeter Road.
Near Short Street, Longton
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

4 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Three with 8 firemouths, one with 9 firemouths
Gladstone Pottery Museum. Open to the public.
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council
http://www.stokemuseums.org.uk/gpm/ 
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017


1 x Muffle enamel kiln @ Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Gladstone Pottery Museum. Open to the public
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City
 http://www.stokemuseums.org.uk/gpm/ 
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

2 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Roslyn Works, adjacent to Gladstone Pottery Museum.
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City
Photo: Courtesy Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017

Stoke-on-Trent Archaeology Service

The service, part of Stoke-on-Trent City Council, regularly survey, excavate and record the remains of bottle ovens/kilns in the city. Here is a link to their Facebook page >





Potteries Heritage Society

The Potteries Heritage Society, working with the Stoke-on-Trent City Council, secured grants from the Heritage Lottery and Staffordshire Environmental Funds totalling more than £600,000 to help repair 10 of the remaining bottle ovens considered to be most at risk. The project included the establishment of a Buildings Preservation Trust, which leased the structures from their owners and attended to their ongoing maintenance.
https://www.potteries.org.uk/past-projects
https://www.potteries.org.uk/welcome