What's left?

NUMBER OF OVENS/KILNS REMAINING
47  bottle-shaped structures complete with their bottle-shaped chimney
  3  ovens/kilns which have collapsed - no bottle shaped chimney remains
50  TOTAL

NUMBER OF LOCATIONS
27  locations
Exact locations are given below using 'what3words' addresses. More details on the what3words.com site.

SUMMARY by LOCATION
Number of bottle shaped structures which remain standing complete with their chimneys, by Potteries town. Excludes collapsed ovens/kilns.
  0   Tunstall
12   Burslem 
  8   Hanley
  3   Stoke
  4   Fenton
20   Longton
47   TOTAL     

SUMMARY by TYPE
Number of bottle shaped structures which remain standing complete with their chimneys, by overall type. Subject to change. Excludes collapsed ovens/kilns
24   Updraught bottle ovens
  3   Downdraught bottle ovens
  2   Decorators muffle bottle kilns
15   Calcining bottle kilns
  3   Hovel only
47   TOTAL

SUMMARY by SITE
Listed from the north to the south of the city
Moorland Pottery
Moorland Road, Burslem
1
Acme Marls
Bournes Bank, Burslem
3
Furlong Mills
Furlong Lane, Burslem
2
Price and Kensington
Top Bridge Works, Longport
1
Middleport Pottery
Port St, Middleport
1
Middleport Mill (double chamber)
Milvale St, Burslem
1
Oliver's Mill (1x Single & 1x Double chamber)
Newport Lane, Burslem
2
Moorcroft
Sandbach Rd, Cobridge
1
Falcon Pottery (collapsed updraught)
Town Rd, Hanley
1
Falcon Pottery (collapsed muffle)
Town Rd, Hanley
1
Dudson's
Hanover Street, Hanley
1
Smithfield Pottery
Warner St, Hanley
1
Johnson Brothers Trent Pottery
Eastwood Rd, Hanley
2
Joiners Sq Works, Allied Insulators
Lichfield St, Hanley
1
Etruria Bone Mill, Shirley's (double chamber)
Lower Bedford St, Etruria
1
Cliffe Vale Pottery, Twyfords
Shelton New Rd, Stoke
2
Spode Works  (collapsed, remnant)
Church St, Stoke
1
Dolby Mill (double chamber)
Lyton St, Stoke
1
Falcon Works Stoke
Sturgess Street, Stoke
2
Fountain Works, James Kent
Fountain Street, Fenton
3
Heron Cross Pottery
Chilton Street, Fenton
1
Phoenix Works, Albion
King St, Longton
2
Commerce Works
Commerce St, Longton
2
Gladstone Pottery (oven and hovel)
Uttoxeter Rd, Longton
4
Gladstone Pottery (muffle)
Uttoxeter Rd, Longton
1
Roslyn Works (next door to Gladstone)
Uttoxeter Rd, Longton
2
Sutherland Works (last oven to be fired)
Normacot Rd, Longton
1
Sutherland Works
Normacot Rd, Longton
2
Enson Works
Chelson St, Longton
4
Rear of 120 Uttoxeter Road
Uttoxeter Road, Longton
1
Minkstone Works
Warren Street, Longton
1

TOTAL incl collapsed
50


Some ovens are complete with their hovels, chimneys and firing chambers and have been restored. Some have lost their firing chambers and only their hovels and chimneys remain. Others have collapsed, due to neglect or vandalism, causing their hovels and parts of their firing chambers to fall into rubble.

No two bottle ovens or kilns are alike. They can be tall and fat, or short and thin. Some are rectangular, and some are circular. Some were potter's ovens and some were used by potters' material suppliers. Nearly all were built 'by eye' based on the experience of the oven builder and the particular requirements of the factory owner.

All are 'Listed Buildings'. A Listed Building is a building, object or structure that has been judged to be of national importance in terms of architectural or historic interest and included on a special register, called the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest.

30 bottle ovens, specifically built for the firing of biscuit or glost pottery, remain standing (updated May 2020) complete with their chimneys.

The rest, are bottle kilns either used in the supply industry, for the calcining of flint and bone, or for firing decoration onto pottery (known as enamel kilns.)

12 of the 47 (25%) remaining bottle-shaped structures still standing are owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council.

No beehive kilns, for the firing of bricks or tiles, remain in Stoke-on-Trent. Strictly speaking they were not bottle kilns, since they had no bottle shaped chimney, but they were part of the Potteries landscape.

Google location map of remaining bottle ovens and kilns   

Courtesy: https://staffordshirepotteries.wordpress.com/bottle-ovens/




Locations by town using 'what3words'   

Exact locations of all the remaining ovens and kilns are given in the text below using the 'what3words' address system. More details on the what3words.com site. Many thanks go to Andy Perkin of The Potteries Heritage Society for researching and providing the what3words addresses.

TUNSTALL - 0

No bottle ovens or kilns remain in Tunstall. The last were demolished in the 1980s.


BURSLEM - 12 still standing in 8 locations

Twelve bottle-shaped structures remain standing with their chimneys in the Burslem area.


3 x Potter's downdraught ovens @ Bournes Bank, Burslem.
Formerly Acme Marls Ltd.
Photo: unknown source
what3words.com/brief.descended.terms
what3words.com/villa.guitar.burns
what3words.com/pinks.rent.worm


Downdraught ovens at Bournes Bank, Burslem.
Formerly Acme Marls Ltd.
Photo: Philip Shallcross Collection  Date: Feb 2019
what3words.com/brief.descended.terms
what3words.com/villa.guitar.burns
what3words.com/pinks.rent.worm


2 x Flint calcining kilns @ Furlong Lane, Burslem.
Furlong Mills Ltd.
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/clip.magic.react
what3words.com/asset.layers.humid

1 x Decorator's muffle kiln @ Moorland Road, Burslem.
4 firing chambers, two up, two down, 8 firemouths
Moorland Pottery.
Photo: unknown source
what3words.com/items.beyond.corn

1 x Potter's updraught, skeleton type, biscuit firing oven
6 firemouths
@ Sandbach Road, Cobridge, Burlsem.
Moorcroft Ltd.
https://www.moorcroft.com/
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/congratulations.crew.thinks

1 x Potter's updraught oven @ Newcastle Street, Longport, Burslem.
By the canal.
Formerly Price & Kensington (Prices Teapots) Factory
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/slide.groups.super


 1 x Calcining kiln within large rectangular bottle-shaped structure
 @ Milvale Street, Middleport, Burslem, ST6 3NQ
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/noted.ruler.gravy

Calcining kiln, from the air in Milvale Street,
Middleport, Burslem
This photo clearly shows the divided flue in the large square chimney
which serves 2 calcining chambers
Photo: courtesy Google Earth  Date: 2018
what3words.com/noted.ruler.gravy

2 x Calcining kilns, one has 2 calcining chambers within 1 bottle-shaped structure
@ Newport Lane, Middleport, Burslem
Oliver's Mill   "Jumbo, Middle and Office"
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/solve.tester.pencil
what3words.com/alone.trails.votes

Calcining kilns, from the air, at Oliver's Mill
in Newport Lane, Middleport, Burslem
Photo shows the divided flue in the large rectangular chimney
Photo: Google Earth  Date: 2018
what3words.com/solve.tester.pencil
what3words.com/alone.trails.votes


1 x Potter's updraught oven @ Port Street, Middleport, Burslem.
Burgess & Leigh Ltd. Middleport Pottery. Open to the public.
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/highs.puppy.belt


HANLEY - 8 still standing in 7 locations 

Eight bottle-shaped structures complete with their chimneys remain in the Hanley area. But there are the remains of one bottle oven and one muffle kiln at Weatherby's Falcon Pottery in Town Road where only the firing chambers still stand. Two of the bottle ovens only have their hovel remaining. Their firing chambers have long since gone: one at the Dudson Centre, Hope street, encloses an excellent museum and the other at Smithfield Pottery is now office accommodation.

2 x Calcining kilns @ Eastwood Road, Hanley
Formerly Johnson Brothers Trent Pottery
what3words.com/rental.drill.angel
what3words.com/rots.garden.sulk


1 x Potter's hovel only @ Hope Street, Hanley.
Formerley Dudsons
The firing chamber inside has gone.
But it now accommodates a splendid museum
what3words.com/silly.wells.melt

1 x Potter's updraught oven @ Lichfield Street, Hanley.
Former Bullers Works, now Imperial Court
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/drama.bared.vital

1 x Potter's hovel only @ Warner Street, Hanley.
Former Smithfield Pottery
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/closes.ozone.faded

2 x Flint calcining kilns @ Shelton New Road, Cliffe Vale, Hanley.
Former Twyfords Sanitaryware Factory
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/singer.churn.still
what3words.com/depend.fats.page

1 x Remains of a potter's updraught firing chamber only @ J H Weatherby,
Falcon Pottery, Town Road, Hanley
The hovel collapsed in February 2012
what3words.com/feed.index.lush

1 x Remains of a decorator's muffle kiln @ J H Weatherby,
Falcon Pottery, Town Road, Hanley
Some parts of the firing chamber remain
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/glue.ready.bought


1 x Flint or bone calcining kiln @ Etruria Bone Mill
www.etruriamuseum.org.uk
A single square hovel/chimney encloses two firing chambers.
The chimney is not divided into two, unlike the kilns
in Milvale Street and Newport Lane - see above
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council
Scheduled Monument
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/dates.puddles.saying


STOKE UPON TRENT - 3 still standing in 3 locations

Three bottle-shaped structures, complete with their chimneys, remain standing in Stoke (the town, not the city). In addition, the remnants of a firing chamber exist on the site of the former Spode Pottery Factory. The hovel and firing chamber collapsed in 1972.


1 x Calcining kiln @ Lytton Street, Stoke.
Twin calcining chambers. Former Dolby Pottery
Photo:  Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/trials.spike.live

2 x Potter's updraught hob-mouthed ovens @ Sturgess Street, Stoke.
Falcon Works. Former Goss Works
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/paper.race.exit
what3words.com/toys.moth.active

Another shot of the updraught hob-mouthed ovens in Sturgess Street, Stoke.
Falcon Works. Former Goss Works 
Photo: Philip Shallcross Collection  Date: Feb 2019
what3words.com/paper.race.exit
what3words.com/toys.moth.active


1 x Remains of an updraught oven @ Spode Works, Church Street, Stoke
http://www.spodeworks.org/
The hovel and much of the firing chamber collapsed in 1972
Photo source: unknown  Date: unknown
what3words.com/maple.split.pays

FENTON - 4 still standing in 2 locations

Four bottle-shaped structures, compete with their chimneys, remain in the area of Fenton, the town which the author Arnold Bennett 'forgot'.

1 x Potter's updraught skeleton oven, hovel only,
assumed originally with 11 firemouths
@ Hines Street (Chilton Street) Heron Cross, Fenton.
Heron Cross Pottery
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/equal.modes.taped

Heron Cross Pottery bottle oven
Hines Street (Chilton Street)
Photo: Philip Shallcross Collection  Date: Feb 2019
what3words.com/equal.modes.taped


3 x Calcining kilns @ Fountain Street, Fenton.
James Kent (Ceramic Materials) Ltd. Restored
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/empire.edits.cook
what3words.com/looks.fats.offer
what3words.com/term.piper.oldest


LONGTON - 20 still standing in 7 locations

Exactly 20 bottle-shaped structures complete with their chimneys remain in Longton, the most southerly town of The Potteries. Longton is home to the world famous and multi-award winning Gladstone Pottery Museum. Of the 20 ovens, 12 are in remarkably good condition having been restored and opened to the public. The oven at Hudson and Middleton, Sutherland Works, Normacot Road, is the last bottle oven ever to be fired. more here>

4 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Chelson Street Normacot Road, Longton.
Enson Works. the site is now called CoRE
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/rides.lights.loudly
what3words.com/silk.flank.comb
what3words.com/both.blog.below
what3words.com/reform.silk.blaze

2 x Potter's updraught skeleton ovens @ Commerce Street, Longton
Hovels only. Firing chambers demolished
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/fumes.void.pines
what3words.com/grant.bound.sample

2 x Potter's updraught skeleton ovens @ King Street, Longton.
One with 10 firemouths, one with 9 firemouths
Albion Works, King Street. Phoenix Works
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/send.picked.shirt
what3words.com/desk.pushy.photos



1 x Potter's updraught skeleton oven
@ Corner of Warren St and Normacot Road, Normacot, Longton.
The Minkstone Pottery
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/dance.middle.votes

2 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Normacot Road, Longton.
Rear of Sutherland Works. Hudson & Middleton
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/unit.loads.agents
what3words.com/mops.error.shelf

1 x Potter's updraught skeleton oven @ Normacot Road, Longton
The oven on the left at Hudson and Middleton, Sutherland Works,
was the last ever to be fired with coal. In August 1978
8 firemouths
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/issues.clear.myself

1 x Flint calcining kiln @ 120, Uttoxeter Road.
Near Short Street, Longton
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/almost.wider.maple

4 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Three with 8 firemouths, one with 9 firemouths
Gladstone Pottery Museum. Open to the public.
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council
http://www.stokemuseums.org.uk/gpm/ 
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/leaps.remit.study
what3words.com/pigs.rail.just
what3words.com/moon.learn.called
what3words.com/fonts.dive.losses


1 x Muffle enamel kiln @ Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Gladstone Pottery Museum. Open to the public
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City
 http://www.stokemuseums.org.uk/gpm/ 
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/wires.insist.useful

2 x Potter's updraught ovens @ Uttoxeter Road, Longton.
Roslyn Works, adjacent to Gladstone Pottery Museum.
Property owned by Stoke-on-Trent City
Photo: Julian Read Collection  Date: April 2017
what3words.com/judge.shops.dimes
what3words.com/gossip.fallen.alien

Stoke-on-Trent Archaeology Service   

The service, part of Stoke-on-Trent City Council, regularly survey, excavate and record the remains of bottle ovens/kilns in the city.





Potteries Heritage Society   

The Potteries Heritage Society, working with the Stoke-on-Trent City Council, secured grants from the Heritage Lottery and Staffordshire Environmental Funds totalling more than £600,000 to help repair 10 of the remaining bottle ovens considered to be most at risk. The project included the establishment of a Buildings Preservation Trust, which leased the structures from their owners and attended to their ongoing maintenance.
https://www.potteries.org.uk/past-projects
https://www.potteries.org.uk/welcome




Accurate bottle oven locations using "what3words"   

https://what3words.com/about-us/  what3words is a simple way to pinpoint a location. Each 3m square in the world has been assigned a unique 3 word address that will never change. For example ///hidden.towers.span marks the exact front entrance gate to Gladstone Pottery Museum in Longton, Stoke-on-Trent. 3 word addresses are easy to say and share, and are as accurate as GPS coordinates.

Complete List - bottle oven locations courtesy of Andy Perkin, Potteries Heritage Society, December 2019

              
TUNSTALL          
No ovens or kilns remain in Tunstall          
              
BURSLEM           
1             Moorland Pottery, Moorland Road
               items.beyond.corn
              
2             Acme Marls, Bournes Bank
               brief.descended.terms
               villa.guitar.burns
               pinks.rent.worm
              
3             Furlong Mills, Furlong Lane
               clip.magic.react
               asset.layers.humid
              
4             Price and Kensington
               slide.groups.super
              
5             Middleport Pottery
               highs.puppy.belt
              
6             Milvale Street
               noted.ruler.gravy
              
7             Olivers Mill
               solve.tester.pencil
               alone.trails.votes
              
8             Moorcroft, Cobridge
               congratulations.crew.thinks
              
HANLEY              
9             Falcon Pottery, Town Road
               feed.index.lush
               glue.ready.bought
              
10           Dudsons, Hope Street
               silly.wells.melt
              
11           Smithfield Pottery
               closes.ozone.faded
              
12           Johnson Bros, Trent Sanitaryware
               rental.drill.angel
               rots.garden.sulk
              
13           Joiners Square, Bullers
               drama.bared.vital
              
14           Etruria Bone Mill, Shirleys
               dates.puddles.saying
              
15           Twyfords Cliffe Vale Works
               singer.churn.still
               depend.fats.page
              
STOKE  
16           Spode Works
               maple.split.pays
              
17           Dolby
               trials.spike.live
              
18           Falcon Works
               paper.race.exit
               toys.moth.active
              
FENTON              
19           Fountain Works, James Kent
               empire.edits.cook
               looks.fats.offer
               term.piper.oldest
              
20           Heron Cross Pottery
               equal.modes.taped
              
LONGTON          
21           Phoenix Works
               desk.pushy.photos
               send.picked.shirt
              
22           Commerce Works
               fumes.void.pines
               grant.bound.sample
              
23           Gladstone and Roslyn
               leaps.remit.study
               pigs.rail.just
               moon.learn.called
               fonts.dive.losses
               wires.insist.useful
               judge.shops.dimes
               gossip.fallen.alien
              
24           Sutherland Works
               issues.clear.myself
               unit.loads.agents
               mops.error.shelf
              
25           Enson Works
               rides.lights.loudly
               silk.flank.comb
               both.blog.below
               reform.silk.blaze
              
26           12 Uttoxeter Road
               almost.wider.maple
              
27           Minkstone Works
               dance.middle.votes